The Music Lovers from 1971, Ken Russell's famous quote "If I hadn't told United Artists it was a film about a homosexual who fell in love with a nymphomaniac it might never have been financed". Not simply a biography of Tchaikovsky, but also looking at the people around Tchaikovsky, the music lovers though few of whom love the music. Tchaikovsky cannot handle the contradictions in his life and turns his haunted thoughts into music. The music lovers drag Tchaikovsky down to their own fantasies. The film cost £1.6M.
The film is packed with images and excitement, the life story providing a common link. Music, gay forbidden love, a mother dying of cholera, a sponsor who never wants to meet Tchaikovsky and who suddenly ended the sponsorship, critical failure and death by cholera, just like his mother.
The drink of life, in a dream sequence early in the film, and death by cholera from infected water at the end. Tchaikovsky and Madame von Eck tasting the juices of the same peach. They would never meet though she would fantasise over him.
Initially Nina looks to an uncertain future, and as the end credits roll, she has no future as she looks through the window bars of a mental asylum.
The working titles were The Lonely Heart (from a Tchaikovsky song None but a Lonely Heart) and Opus 74 (the number of the symphony Pathétique). I saw the film when it came out in Edinburgh. I saw it on Wednesday and before it had moved on (Saturday) I had seen it another three times. My introduction to Ken Russell.
Ronald Hayman in The Times, 6 Jan 1971, quotes Ken as saying "I think I want to explain something about the people through their art. I think people are explainable even in an oblique or almost undecipherable way by what they produce. It's them, whatever they say their reason is for doing it. I don't want to explain the music, but what I enjoy about it is the detective story.". Hayman discusses the film "for someone who is so interested in biography, Russell is oddly uninterested in the passage of time. His Tchaikovsky is still a young man when he dies and no-one would think that 18 years had passed since the first Piano Concerto."
The famous scene of unrequited sex on the train shows the influence of painter Egon Schiele (right).
The opening concert is of the first piano concerto, the ballet is Swan Lake, the fantasy sequence with cannons is The 1812 Overture, and the music his brother tells him to rename, is Symphony 6, Pathetique. Andre Previn conducts the London Symphony Orchestra and the pianist was Rafael Orozco (Richard Chamberlayne played the piano in the concert schene, but Orozco's recording was used for the soundtrack).
John Russell Taylor's review on 24 Feb 1971
in The Times is titled "Russell's pathetic fallacy". He says "Mr
Russell sets out to out-melodramatise Tchaikovsky at his most
Richard Chamberlain and Glenda Jackson star. Kenneth Colley as Modeste Tchaikovsky, Max Adrian as Rubinstein, Christopher Gable as gay lover Count Anton Chiluvsky and Isabella Telezynska as Madame von Meck are excellent. Childrens´ roles are played by Russell's family.
Isabella Telezynska as Madame von Meck who dreams of Tchaikovsky.
Rubinstein (Max Adrian) criticises Tchaikovsky's First Piano Concerto and his personal life "You are in danger of falling apart".
Costumes are as always by Ken's first wife Shirley Russell. The screenplay is by Melvyn Bragg. Bragg later became an arts presenter and sponsored a number of Russell documentaries. Photography is by Douglas Slocombe (who later worked in the Raiders of the Lost Ark films) and the editor is Michael Bradsell.
Glenda Jackson in the mental asylum being fondled and abused by the prisoners: "I have lots of lovers".
The cholera scene with the mother dying is harrowing (and is similar to the play Marat/Sade in which Glenda Jackson acted).
The 1812 Overture scene bursts with kitsch joy.
The premiere of the first piano concerto and the critical backlash. The scene benefits from Chamberlain actually playing the piano, rather than requiring cutting from long shot to hands. Although he plays in the visuals, the music is dubbed on (the actual pianist was Rafael Orozco).
Drinking the glass of water infected with cholera.
Tchaikovsky trying to
commit suicide by drowning but the river is too shallow.
The train scene with Glenda Jackson is pivotal. It was acted with music (Shostakovich's The Execution of Stepan Razin) played to establish rhythm. The music does not appear in the film. Tchaikovsky sees her naked body not as sexual but as rotting flesh.
The unconsummated marriage, and the relationship with his sister. Says Russell "the sister was the ideal woman he could worship, and wouldn't have to have sexual relations with" from Films and Filming July 1970.
sequence of Tchaikovsky conducting to the crowds
and eventually becoming his own statue has
references to Fritz Lang's Metropolis (right).
Other films released in the same year include A Clockwork Orange, The French Connection and two more Russell films- The Devils and The Boyfriend.
Click title for film French Dressing * Billion Dollar Brain * Women in Love * The Music Lovers* The Devils * The Boy Friend * Savage Messiah * Mahler * Tommy * Lisztomania * Valentino * Altered States * Crimes of Passion * Gothic * Aria * The Lair of the White Worm * Salome's Last Dance * The Rainbow * Whore * Mindbender * Trapped Ashes/ The Girl with the Golden Breasts
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