Athol Fugard my africa plays
Fugard is famous as a campaigning dramatist, tackling issues of apartheid. Now that apartheid is over, and South Africa has a democratic government, Fugard looks at the problems of the new South Africa.
A teacher Mr M and his two pupils. Fugard says "At that hour with the Uitenhage mountains ahead of us...this was the first time I had a sense of Africa as an epic adventure- a vision which finally found its expression in the mouth of my beloved Mr M". Apartheid was ending and Fugard attacks the decision of the ANC to boycott schools and the damage it would cause a generation of Africans. Fugard has moved from the injustices of the South African government to the mistakes of the ANC. First performed at the Market Theatre, Johannesburg on 1989. John Kani starred as Mr M and Fugard directed. Fugard would later direct his daughter Lisa in the play. Photo above of Bisi Adigun, Judith Roddy and Kobna Holdbrook-Smith in the Irish production by Theresia Guschlbauer, photo below of Glynn Turman as Mr. M. and Meghan Heimbecker in The Wilma production by Blanka Zizka.
My Life 1992
"They don't know that when I'm sad I pretend I'm not... even though my
inside is burning with pain"
A piece Fugard workshopped with Elleanor Busi Mthimunye, Reshoketswe Maredi, Heather Leite, Riana Jacobs and Sivagamy Govender, based on diary extracts from the five girls. In Bare Stage Mary Benson says "Athol was in the city, creating a play with five young women, chosen from auditions with high-school students. he did not intend the cast to be all-female but they had shown far greater potential than any of the boys. Busi and Shoki were black, Gamy Asian, Heather white and Riana of mixed race. He saw it as a chamber quintet for which he would interweave their stories."
An aerobics session frames the play (called by Fugard a recital) which is made up of stories told by the girls. The setting is just before the first free elections in South Africa. Fugard´s heavy collaboration with others is reminiscent of his work with Kani and Ntshona, but less successful. However the sessions were clearly an inspiration for Valley Song. Fugard says "I wanted to rediscover the potency of the simple, unadorned, uncosmeticised word". The words are the girls "although I never tampered with the text or content of the stories I take responsibility for the choice and juxtaposition of the material". Last photo by Ruphin Coudyzer from Wertheim´s biography, others from "My Life & Valley Song".
"I watch everything all the time/ So when do you
sleep? / I don't sleep"
Fugard´s first play after apartheid. On new year's eve 1990 two men meet at an amusement park. Martinus is the watchman. Gideon is the visitor who hangs around Martinus. And the Playland is a form of hell or purgatory where both live with their guilt of murder, the one for passion the other for politics. Gideon repents but is not forgiven, while Martinus is forgiven but does not repent. The play is a parable for South Africa and reconciliation, two sides of a bloody conflict coming together. Fugard said during the writing of Playland "I am in fact at work on a new play at the moment [Playland] and I still find myself terribly intimidated by the reality of blank paper. None of my past experience in writing plays helps me deal with what I describe as ´the inquisition of blank paper´ when I face up to it at the outset of a new work." The character Gideon le Roux is based on Garth, Fugard´s cousin (see Cousins) "a man suffering from shellshock...I also understand now why I heard echoes of his unnerving laugh all through the writing of Playland."
"This photo from our border war was a catalyst in the writing of Playland. I added to it the watchful, sorrowing presence of a mother". Fugard quoted in the programme for the Temple Productions Playland. The photo is by John Liebenberg.Photo by Michael Brosilow from Wertheim´s biography
Photo by Michael Brosilow from Wertheim´s biography
Valley Song 1996
"if only ... we could sit down at the kitchen table
tonight and talk about things the way we used to"
Old Africa and new Africa and the need for the young to form their own lives. A double role for Fugard, playing the author and the grandfather Buks. The other player is the 17 year old Veronica. Fugard says "I had ended up sick and tired of the madness and desperate scramble of my life in the make-believe world of the Theatre. I wanted to return to ´essentials, to the ´real´ world, and here was my chance to do it". The play is dedicated to Barney Simon with whom Fugard worked. Coming Home is Fugard's play of what happens to Veronica.
Nandini Rao and Jagdish Raja under Arundhati Raja's direction (left and below) and Eboni Summer Cooper and Vincent Dowling of The Miniature Theatre of Chester production, directed by Byam Stevens (right).
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